# 7th Grade Essential Standards

- Language Arts: Reading Literature
- Language Arts: Reading Informational
- Language Arts: Writing
- Math: Ratios and Proportions
- Math: The Number System
- Math: Expressions and Equations
- Science
- Social Studies: Civics
- Social Studies: Inquiry

## Language Arts: Reading Literature

**RL.7.1 **Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

**RL.7.2 **Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.

**RL.7.10 **By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6-8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

## Language Arts: Reading Informational

**RI.7.1** Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

**RI.7.2 **Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.

**RI.7.6 **Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others.

**RI.7.8 **Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims.

**RI.7.10 **By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 6-8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

## Language Arts: Writing

**W.7.1 **Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

**W.7.1a**Introduce claim(s), acknowledge alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.**W.7.1b**Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text.**W.7.1c**Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), reasons, and evidence.**W.7.1d**Establish and maintain a formal style.**W.7.1e**Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.

**W.7.2 **Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

**W.7.2a**Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.**W.7.2b**Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.**W.7.2c**Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.**W.7.2d**Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.**W.7.2e**Establish and maintain a formal style.**W.7.2f**Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

**W.7.7 **Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions for further research and investigation.

**W.7.9 **Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

**W.7.9a**Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literature (e.g., "Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history").**W.7.9b**Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g. "Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims").

## Math: Ratios and Proportions

**7 .RP.A.1 **Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems ~ Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas and other quantities measured in like or different units.

**7.RP.A.2 **Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems ~ Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities.

**7.RP.A.2a**Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems ~ Decide whether two quantities are in a proportional relationship, e.g., by testing for equivalent ratios in a table or graphing on a coordinate plane and observing whether the graph is a straight line through the origin.**7.RP.A.2b**Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems ~ Identify the constant of proportionality (unit rate) in tables, graphs, equations, diagrams, and verbal descriptions of proportional relationships.**7.RP.A.2c**Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems ~ Represent proportional relationships by equations.**7.RP.A.2d**Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems ~ Explain what a point (x, y) on the graph of a proportional relationship means in terms of the situation, with special attention to the points (0, 0) and (1, r) where r is the unit rate.

**7.RP.A.3 **Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems ~ Use proportional relationships

## Math: The Number System

**7.NS.A.1 **Apply and extend previous understandings of operations with fractions ~ Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram.

**7.NS.A.1a**Describe situations in which opposite quantities combine to make 0.**7.NS.A.1b**Understand p + q as the number located a distance |q| from p, in the positive or negative direction depending on whether q is positive or negative. Show that a number and its opposite have a sum of 0 (are additive inverses). Interpret sums of rational numbers by describing real-world contexts.**7.NS.A.1c**Understand subtraction of rational numbers as adding the additive inverse, p – q = p + (–q). Show that the distance between two rational numbers on the number line is the absolute value of their difference, and apply this principle in real-world contexts.**7.NS.A.1d**Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract rational numbers.

**7.NS.A.2 **Apply and extend previous understandings of operations with fractions ~ Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers.

**7.NS.A.2a**Understand that multiplication is extended from fractions to rational numbers by requiring that operations continue to satisfy the properties of operations, particularly the distributive property, leading to products such as (–1)(–1) = 1 and the rules for multiplying signed numbers. Interpret products of rational numbers by describing real-world contexts.**7.NS.A.2b**Understand that integers can be divided, provided that the divisor is not zero, and every quotient of integers (with non-zero divisor) is a rational number. If p and q are integers, then –(p/q) = (–p)/q = p/(–q). Interpret quotients of rational numbers by describing real-world contexts.**7.NS.A.2c**Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide rational numbers.**7.NS.A.2d**Apply and extend previous understandings of operations with fractions ~ Convert a rational number to a decimal using long division; know that the decimal form of a rational number terminates in 0s or eventually repeats.

**7.NS.A.3 **Apply and extend previous understandings of operations with fractions ~ Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers.

## Math: Expressions and Equations

**7.EE.A.1 **Use properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions ~ Apply properties of operations as strategies to add, subtract, factor, and expand linear expressions with rational coefficients.

**7.EE.A.2 **Use properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions ~ Understand that rewriting an expression in different forms in a problem context can shed light on the problem and how the quantities in it are related.

**7.EE.B.3 ** Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations ~ Solve multi-step real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form; convert between forms as appropriate; and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies.

**7.EE.B.4 ** Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations ~ Use variables to represent quantities in a real-world or mathematical problem, and construct simple equations and inequalities to solve problems by reasoning about the quantities.

**7.EE.B.4a**Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations ~ Solve word problems leading to equations of the form px + q = r and p(x + q) = r, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers. Solve equations of these forms fluently. Compare an algebraic solution to an arithmetic solution, identifying the sequence of the operations used in each approach.**7.EE.B.4b**Solve word problems leading to inequalities of the form px + q > r or px + q < r, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers. Graph the solution set of the inequality and interpret it in the context of the problem.

## Science

Teach all grade level standards as laid out in the **Science Learning Standards for Illinois**.

## Social Studies: Civics

**SS.6-8.CV.1.LC** Identify different types of citizenship and immigration statuses of individuals in the United States and the different rights and roles (e.g., voters, jurors, taxpayers, military, protestors, and office holders) based on citizenship or immigration status.

**SS.6-8.CV.1.MdC** Describe and analyze the roles of political, civil, and economic organizations from a national to local scale in impacting multiple individuals and communities.

**SS.6-8.CV.2.LC** Describe the origins and purposes and impact of governing documents and policies (e.g., U.S. Constitution, Illinois Constitution, laws, treaties, and international agreements) and synthesize their application and impacts on multiple groups of people with how they have changed over time.

**SS.6-8.CV.2.MdC** Explain the origins, functions, and structure of government with reference to the U.S. Constitution, Illinois Constitution, and other systems of government and how they have impacted multiple groups of people.

**SS.6-8.CV.3.LC** Identify the means used by individuals and groups to either maintain or change powers and protect, grant, or deny rights of individuals and communities in societies.

**SS.6-8.CV.4.LC** Analyze the relationships among democratic principles, civic virtues, special interests, and perspectives to the ideas and principles contained in the constitutions, laws, treaties, and international agreements of the United States and other countries.

**SS.CV.4.6-8.MdC** Analyze and synthesize ideas and principles contained in the founding and governing documents and practices of the United States, U.S. territories, and tribal nations within the United States.

**SS.6-8.CV.5.LC** Identify the impact of specific rules and laws (both those that are in effect and proposed) on multiple individuals and communities in relationship to the intended issues they were meant to address. Analyze cause-and-effect relationships of issues that resulted in specific rules and laws.

**SS.6-8.CV.5.MC** Develop and evaluate procedures for making decisions in historic and contemporary settings (e.g., school; civil society; or local, state, or national governments).

## Social Studies: Inquiry

**SS.IS.6-8.1** Create essential questions that consider multiple perspectives to guide inquiry about a topic.

**SS.IS.6-8.3** Determine sources representing multiple points of view and diversity of authorship that will assist in organizing a research plan.

**SS.IS.6-8.4.LC** Determine the value of sources by evaluating their relevance and intended use.

**SS.IS.6-8.4.MdC.** Determine credibility of sources based upon their origin, authority, and context.

**SS.IS.6-8.4.MC**. Gather relevant information from credible sources and determine whether they support each other.

**SS.IS.6-8.5.MdC**. Identify evidence from multiple sources to support claims, noting any limitations of the evidence.

**SS.IS.6-8.6.LC**. Construct arguments using claims and evidence from multiple sources, while acknowledging the arguments’ strengths and limitations.

**SS.IS.8.6-8.MC**. Apply a range of deliberative and democratic procedures to make decisions and take action in schools and community contexts.

## In This Section

### Kagan

**Kagan cooperative learning structures are one way in which high student engagement is supported throughout the district. **