# 5th Grade Essential Standards

- Language Arts: Reading Literature
- Language Arts: Reading Informational
- Language Arts: Writing
- Math: Operations and Algebraic Thinking
- Math: Number and Operations in Base Ten
- Math: Numbers and Fractions
- Math: Measurement and Data

## Language Arts: Reading Literature

**RL.5.1** Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

**RL.5.2** Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.

**RL.5.10** By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

## Language Arts: Reading Informational

**RI.5.1** Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

**RI.5.2** Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

**RI.5.4** Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.

**RI.5.6** Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

**RI.5.8** Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point(s).

**RI.5.9** Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

**RI.5.10** By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

## Language Arts: Writing

**W.5.1** Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.

**W.5.1.A**Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer's purpose.**W.5.1.B**Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details.**W.5.1.C**Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently, specifically).**W.5.1.D**Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.

**W.5.2** Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

**W.5.2.A**Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general observation and focus, and group related information logically; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.**W.5.2.B**Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.**W.5.2.C**Link ideas within and across categories of information using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., in contrast, especially).**W.5.2.D**Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.**W.5.2.E**Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.

**W.5.3** Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

**W.5.3.A**Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.**W.5.3.B**Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, description, and pacing, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.**W.5.3.C**Use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage the sequence of events.**W.5.3.D**Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.**W.5.3.E**Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

**W.5.7** Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

**W.5.9** Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

**W.5.9.A**Apply grade 5 Reading standards to literature (e.g., "Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or a drama, drawing on specific details in the text [e.g., how characters interact]").**W.5.9.B**Apply grade 5 Reading standards to informational texts.

## Math: Operations and Algebraic Thinking

**5.OA.A.2 **Write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers, and interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them. For example, express the calculation "add 8 and 7, then multiply by 2" as 2 × (8 + 7). Recognize that 3 × (18932 + 921) is three times as large as 18932 + 921, without having to calculate the indicated sum or product.

**5.OA.B.3 **Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. For example, given the rule "Add 3" and the starting number 0, and given the rule "Add 6" and the starting number 0, generate terms in the resulting sequences, and observe that the terms in one sequence are twice the corresponding terms in the other sequence. Explain informally why this is so.

## Math: Number and Operations in Base Ten

**5.NBT.A.1** Recognize that in a multi-digit number, a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and 1/10 of what it represents in the place to its left.

**5.NBT.B.5** Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.

**5.NBT.B.6** Find whole-number quotients of whole numbers with up to four-digit dividends and two-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.

**5.NBT.B.7** Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used.

## Math: Numbers and Fractions

**5.NF.A.1** Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. For example, 2/3 + 5/4 = 8/12 + 15/12 = 23/12. (In general, a/b + c/d = (ad + bc)/bd.)

**5.NF.A.2** Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally and assess the reasonableness of answers. For example, recognize an incorrect result 2/5 + 1/2 = 3/7, by observing that 3/7 < 1/2.

**5.NF.B.3** Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (a/b = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. For example, interpret 3/4 as the result of dividing 3 by 4, noting that 3/4 multiplied by 4 equals 3, and that when 3 wholes are shared equally among 4 people each person has a share of size 3/4. If 9 people want to share a 50-pound sack of rice equally by weight, how many pounds of rice should each person get? Between what two whole numbers does your answer lie?

**5.NF.B.4** Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.

**5.NF.B.6** Solve real world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem.

**5.NF.B.7** Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.

## Math: Measurement and Data

### Kagan

**Kagan cooperative learning structures are one way in which high student engagement is supported throughout the district. **