4th Grade Essential Standards
- Language Arts: Reading Literature
- Language Arts: Reading Informational
- Language Arts: Writing
- Math: Operations and Algebraic Thinking
- Math: Number and Operations in Base Ten
- Math: Numbers and Fractions
- Math: Measurement and Data
RL. 4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
RL 4.2 Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.
RL.4.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
RI 4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
RI 4.2 Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.
RI 4.4 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
RI 4.8 Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.
RI 4.9 Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
RI.4.10 By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
W.4.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
- W.4.1A Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer's purpose.
- W.4.1B Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
- W.4.1C Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to, in addition).
- W.4.1D Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
W.4.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
- W.4.2A Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
- W.4.2B Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
- W.4.2C Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g., another, for example, also, because).
- W.4.2D Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
- W.4.2E Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.
W.4.3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.
- W.4.3A Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.
- W.4.3B Use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.
- W.4.3C Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events.
- W.4.3D Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.
- W.4.3E Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.
W.4.7 Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
W.4.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
- W.4.9A Apply grade 4 Reading standards to literature (e.g., "Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text [e.g., a character's thoughts, words, or actions].").
- W.4.9B Apply grade 4 Reading standards to informational texts (e.g., "Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text").
4.OA.A.1 Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g., interpret 35 = 5 × 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations.
4.OA.A.2 Multiply or divide to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, distinguishing multiplicative comparison from additive comparison.
4.OA.A.3 Solve multistep word problems posed with whole numbers and having whole-number answers using the four operations, including problems in which remainders must be interpreted. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding.
4.NBT.A.2 Read and write multi-digit whole numbers using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form. Compare two multi-digit numbers based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons.
4.NBT.B.4 Fluently add and subtract multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.
4.NBT.B.5 Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a one-digit whole number, and multiply two two-digit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.
4.NBT.B.6 Find whole-number quotients and remainders with up to four-digit dividends and one-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.
4.NF.A.1 Explain why a fraction a/b is equivalent to a fraction (n × a)/(n × b) by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions.
4.NF.B.3 Understand a fraction a/b with a > 1 as a sum of fractions 1/b.
4.NF.B.4 Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction by a whole number.
4.NF.C.6 Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100. For example, rewrite 0.62 as 62/100; describe a length as 0.62 meters; locate 0.62 on a number line diagram.
4.NF.C.7 Compare two decimals to hundredths by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two decimals refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual model.
4.MD.A.2 Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale.
Kagan cooperative learning structures are one way in which high student engagement is supported throughout the district.